A civilization provides a identity of who ‘we’ are and ensures the psychological bonding among people. Civilization is spine of the country. Country’s strength lies in the strength of deep rooted cultural identity and traditions. A broken civilization can result in ethnic indifferences, communal riots and cataclysm. The integrity of India has to overcome so many hurdles. The main threats of Indian integrity is from Islamic radicalization from pakistan, marxist and moists supported by china and Western think tanks in the name of human rights.
A nation’s strength depends upon the cohesiveness of its culture. RSS Sarasanghachalak, Mohan Bhagavath has claimed that ‘For the next 5 years we have to work with the aim of bringing equality among all the Hindus in the country. All Hindus should be drinking water at one place, should be praying at one place and after their death, their bodies should be burnt at the same place.…the whole world calls Indians as Hindus…like people of Germany are called Germans, of America are called Americans, people of Hindustan are called Hindus…it doesn’t matter what their food habits, language, where they live, or their religion is…they are Hindus.’
This was enough for the ignition temperature needed for the channels. It has increased its TRPs but the essence of question still boils in everyone. Who is a hindu? The cause for it lies in the Indian educational system. Indian education system is deep rooted in communist ideology. It has never seen in Indians’ perspective of history.
To quote from Sandeep balakrishna’s article in Indiafacts, “India has remained united despite severe threats both from within and without only because Indians still have—most unconsciously—anchored themselves to that innate Hindu soul. This Hindu soul finds expression everywhere even today—from laws, the administrative language, national symbol, the shared sacred spaces across India’s geography (and even beyond, in the immediate neighbourhood), clothes, eating habits, festivals, pilgrimage, Gods and modes of worship, music, dance, movies, idioms used in daily life, and in temples”.
So, I posted this on facebook wall “As every1 know all Muslims, Christians were Hindus long back. So how does dey bcom minority by chng in rlgn? V al hv same roots. ” I was challenged to prove my statement. The friend who challenged gave a two vague links  which stated Muslims were present in coastal areas of India. All muslims are not converted and discussion continued. So, here it is we will go through the past.
Indian Muslims and their history.
Abdur Rahaman invaded Kabul and its sorroundings as early as C.E. 664, a few thousands of abrigine were reported to have converted to Islam. Subuktagin also faught against the Hindus and reported to have been converted to Islam . These developments had happened in the trans Indus parts, so Lanepoole was correct in saying that in C.E 1000 there were no Muslims in northern India east of the Indus.
So many claim that muslims were settled at the Malabar, sind, Gujarat coast. Yes, its indeed true that there were some settlements of muslims in these regions.
Muhammad bin Qasim Sakifi conquered parts of Sind in C.E 712. He built mosques, appointed muslims governors and propogated Islam in Alor, Nirun, Debul and Multan..etc . In Debul, he enslaved and converted some women and children, and left a contingent of 4000 soldiers to garrison the place . Al Biladuri elucidates that people of Sawandari, Basmad, Kiraj and Alor were converted in huge numbers. The reports of Muhammed bin Qasim Sakifi to Hajjaj also poimt to large number of conversions. In C.E 717 Caliph Umar wrote to Indian rulers, inviting them to embrace Islam. In response to it some people turned muslims and took Arab names . After Muhammed bin Qasim’s recall, Arab power reduced in Sind and neo-converts returned to their formal faith. Sir Dension Ross says that after Qasim’s recall, the Muslims retained some footholds on the west banks of river Indus, but they were microscopic and gradually sublimed to Hinduism.
Similar was the situation in Gujarat. A military expedition was sent out in C.E. 636 from Oman to pillage the coasts of India. It proceeded as far as Thana (near Bombay). About the same time expeditions were sent to Broach and Debul, but because of Caliph Umar’s opposition to hazardous voyages, the policy of armed interference by sea remained in abeyance. Meanwhile commerce by sea continued. In the eighth century, Arab fleets attacked Broach and port towns on the Kathiawar coast. Thus because of armed attacks, but more so through the channel of trade, foreign Muslims and indigenous converts began to be seen in the coastal towns of Gujarat. Ibn Hauqal (C.E. 968) observes that from Kambaya to Saimur is the land of Balhara. It is a land of infidels, but there are Muslims in its cities . Masudi, who visited India in 916, found Muslims of Siraf, Oman, Baghdad and Basra at Saimur (modern Chaul) besides others who were children of Arabs born there. There were Jama Masjids at Famhal, Sindan, Saimur and Kambaya. All these facts indicate the presence of some Muslims in Gujarat. But their number was small. This finds confirmation in the fact that in an anti-Muslim riot in Cambay, in the middle of the eleventh century, only eighty persons had been killed. Besides, the population of traders is by nature and profession migratory, and the number of Muslims in Gujarat does not seem to have been large.
Arab Muslims first settled on the Malabar coast about the end of the seventh century. These Arab traders who settled down on India’s coast between the seventh and the ninth centuries were treated with tolerance by the Hindus, and so they grew in numbers. In the early part of the eighth century, Hajjaj bin Yusuf (who sent Muhammad bin Qasim to Sind), drove out some persons of the house of Hasham, and they left their homeland to settle in Konkan and the Cape Camorin area. Refugees or traders, Muslims were welcome in India, and apparently, facilities were given to them to settle and acquire lands and openly practice their religion In course of time mosques were erected at eleven places on the Malabar coast.But till the end of the tenth century their settlements were only too small. The Muslim Arab historiog-raphers, while describing the achievements of Muslims on the Malabar Coast, exaggerate their numbers and influence. They also miss to mention the Hindu reabsorbtion of neo-converts, for Sulaiman, who visited India in the ninth century, states that he did not find any Muslims or Arabic speaking people on the western coast.
In short, while there can be no doubt about the presence of some Muslims in Sind, Gujarat and on the western coast of India, their number till the end of the tenth century was almost microscopic. In Hindustan proper, east of the river Indus, there were hardly any Musalmans in C.E. 1000.
- Ferishtah,Tarikh-i-Ferishtah, Persian text, Nawal Kishore Press, Lucknow 1865, Vol.1, p.16.
- Stanley Lane-Poole, Medieval India under Muhammadan Rule (London, 1926), p.1.
- Chachnama, trs. in H.M. Elliot and J. Dowson,History of India as told by its own Historians, 8 Vols., London, 1867-77, (here after as E and D), Vol. I, p. 207.
- Al Biladuri,Futuh-ul-Buldan, trs. E and D, I, p.120.
- Ibid., pp.122-24.
- Chachnama, op. cit., pp. 163-64. Also pp. 205-07, 208.
- Biladuri, pp.124-25. Also cf. Chachnama, pp.207-208. Also Cambridge history of India(hereafter C.H.I.) ed. Wolseley Haig, Vol. III, p.3.
- Dension Ross, Islam, p.18.
- Biladuri, pp.115-16. Also p.415.
- Tara Chand, Influence of Islam on Indian Culture (Allahabad, 1946), pp.31-33.
- Ibn Hauqal, Ashkalal-ul-Bilad, trs. in E and D, I, p.34. Also p.457. See also Istakhri Kitab-ul-Aqalim, E and D, I, p.27.
- Ibn Hauqal, p.38.
- Muhammad Ufi, Jami-ul-Hikayat, E and D, II, pp.163-64. Also S. C. Misra, Muslim Communities in Gujarat (Bombay,1964), p.5.
- Tara Chand, op. cit., p.33. Also Aziz Ahmad,Studies in Islamic Culture in the Indian Environment (Oxford, 1964), p. 77.
- Tara Chand, Ibid., p.34.
- Sulaiman Saudagar, Hindi trs. of his Narrative by Mahesh Prasad, (Kashi, Sam. 1978, C.E. 1921), p.84
- Few sentences are taken as it is from the book “Indian Muslims; who are they” which can be read in voice of dharma web portal.